Finding their origins in the native Irish language, some names can be difficult to get around! Here are ten of the hardest to pronounce Irish surnames.

Ireland is a land of magic and mysticism, of tall tales and, well, really difficult surnames to pronounce! We can thank the Irish language – also known as the Gaelic language – for that, unfortunately.

Although us Irish have been brought up on the stuff since day dot, most foreigners are baffled by Irish surnames, and, the truth is: we can’t blame you! From an outsider’s perspective, Irish surnames are baffling as hell.

In a bid to minimise confusion, here are the 10 hardest to pronounce Irish surnames, and how to pronounce them phonetically. You’re welcome!

Ireland Before You Die’s top facts about Irish surnames

  • Many Irish surnames start with “O”, which means “descendant of”, or “Mac/Mc”, which means “son of”. Examples include O’Brien and MacCarthy.
  • As you will see throughout this article, Irish surnames often have Gaelic origins, reflecting Ireland’s deep Celtic heritage.
  • On top of this, historically a lot of Irish surnames are associated with specific clans or families. For example, O’Neill, still a common surname today, was once a powerful clan in Ulster.
  • You will often see the prefix of “Fitz” within a lot of Irish surnames. This also means “son of”. A good example is Fitzgerald, meaning “son of Gerald”.
  • A lot of Irish surnames also reflect the deep association Ireland has had, and still does have, with Christianity. They are linked to patron saints. An example includes Kilpatrick, meaning “son of Patrick”.

10. Keogh

Keogh is a common Irish last name with variants such as Kehoe. The name derives from the Gaelic language and can be translated to mean “horse”.

Foreigner visitors often mispronounce this name and seeing as you’re likely to come across this one in the Emerald Isle, we’re going to break it down for you right now.

Phonetically: ke-yeo

9. Magee

This Irish name means “son of Hugh” by direct translation. There is a multitude of variants of this surname such as MacGee, MacGhie and McGee, amongst others, but they all have the same pronunciation.

The name was first spotted in Ireland along the borders of County Donegal and County Tyrone in the ancient region belonging to the O’Neill clan.

Phonetically: ma-gee

8. Cahill

First documented in County Kerry and County Tipperary, there were two septs (families) that held this name. Variants of this Irish surname include O’Cahill, Kahill, Cawhill and Cahille.

This strong surname derives from the old Irish “catu-ualos” which means for one to be “strong in battle”. Saying that the pronunciation is sometimes not so strong.

Phonetically: ka-hill

7. Tobin

This Irish surname nods to French-Norman origins. Tobin derives from the Gaelic name Tóibín, which is the Irish version of St. Aubyn (of French-Norman roots).

The name Tobin can sometimes be seen in variable ways such as Torbyn or Tobyn, amongst others. Either way, it seems a tough one to pronounce for out-of-towners.

Phonetically: toe-bin

6. Coughlan

Impressively, Coughlan is the longest established surname in Ireland. It has tonnes of variable spellings such as Cohalan or Coghlan.

Originally there were two families with this name – first, MacCochlain of County Offaly and later O’Cochlain from Cork. Over generations though, the names dropped the “O’” and the “Mac” and the name is generally seen now without a prefix.

Phonetically: cock-lan

5. O’Shea

This classic Irish name derives from the Gaelic word “séaghdha”, which translates to “stately” or “hawklike” in English. The name originates from County Kerry, on the west coast of Ireland and many O’Shea’s still live there today.

So, if you’re heading westward, this one is for you! The last thing you want to be doing is misspelling the names of the locals, and mark our words: you’ll come across at least one local pub with this name.

Phonetically: oh-shee

READ MORE: See where O’Shea ranks on our list of the top 12 most stereotypical Irish surnames

4. Hahessy

This is a more unusual name in Ireland these days. Originally spawning from County Galway, and later County Waterford, this name has slowly thinned out over the years, now to be considered a rare Irish surname.

Saying that it’s quite the tongue twister and well worth a mention in our top 10!

Phonetically: ha-hes-see

3. Beahan

This interesting Irish surname was most notably immortalised by Irish playwright, poet and novelist, Brendan Behan. Other variants of this name include Beaghan, O’Behan, O’Beacain and Bean.

The name comes is an anglicised version of the Gaelic name O’Beachain, which means descendant of Beachan. This name originally was rooted in the counties of Kildare, Offaly and Laois and tied in with literary families, of which Brendan Behan was a part of.

Even still though, it trips up tourists when they are pronouncing it!

Phonetically: bee-han

RELATED: Find out why Beahan makes Ireland Before You Die’s list of the top 10 Irish surnames that always get spelt wrong

2. O’Shaughnessy

This popular Irish name is seen most across County Limerick and County Galway. Variants of this surname include Shaughnesy and O’Shaughnessy. This name has developed over generations, having originally derived from the native Gaelic family name O’Seachnasaigh. This was a highly esteemed Galway clan – descendants of the last Pagan King of Ireland, King Daithi – and the name holds high regard.

For all of you out of towners here is it broken down!

Phonetically: o-shaw-ne-see

1. Moloughney

This unusual Irish surname is as rare as it is hard to pronounce. The tongue-twister derives from the ancient Gaelic sept name O’Maoldhomhnaigh (now try pronouncing that!), which translate in English to mean a servant of the Church of Ireland or servant of God.

The name originally came from County Clare on the west coast of Ireland and present-day variations include MacLoughney, Maloney and O’Maloney.

Phonetically: mo-lock-ney

Your questions answered about the hardest to pronounce Irish surnames

Below, we have put together the most frequently asked questions from our readers and online about the hardest to pronounce Irish surnames.

What is the hardest Irish name to pronounce?

Some of the hardest Irish names to pronounce include Gráinne, Meadhbh, Dearbhla, Oisín and Tadhg.

What is the hardest Irish word to pronounce?

Some of the trickiest Irish words and names to pronounce include Aoife, Saoirse, Niamh and Siobhan.

What is the most unusual Irish surname?

Some unusual Irish surnames include Hawkins, Tobin, Cunningham, Campbell, Patterson and Hickey.

What is the most Irish sounding name?

The most sounding Irish names include Murphy, Byrne, O’Brien, O’Shea and O’Neill.

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