Smith: surname meaning, origin, and popularity, explained

As one of the most common surnames in Ireland and abroad, the family name Smith has much history and meaning to uncover. So, let’s take a look.

Smith is a name that many of us know as a common last name, not only in Ireland but all over the world.

Unlike many Irish names, this surname is very easy to pronounce. Still, it does not lack an interesting story and heritage like many other Irish names.

If Smith is your last name, then this will be an interesting read, shining light on the meaning and true Irish origin of this ever-popular family name.

So, if you have wanted to gain more of an understanding of this popular last name, then keep reading.

Origin – a look at where it came from

Smith is a popular Irish surname.

The family name Smith is world-renowned for being one of the most popular Irish family names, but do you know where it stems from?

The surname is of Irish and English origin. This means that over the years, through colonialism and emigration, the name has spread all over the world to countries such as Australia, New Zealand, the USA, Canada, Caribbean Nations, South Africa, and across Europe.

Truth be told, many of us will know someone with the last name Smith – that is how common a surname it is. But what exactly does this mean or tell us about the bearer of this name?

Meaning ‒ an ancient Irish meaning

The name derives from the blacksmith profession.
Credit: Flickr / Hans Splinter

Smith, which is the fifth most common surname in Ireland, is derived from the Old English word ‘smitan’, which refers to anyone working with metal, hence the title blacksmith.

The earlier form of ‘smitan’, ‘smite’, was the act of striking or hitting something, and once upon a time, people working as ‘smiths’ held this last name.

These days, due to people adopting the surname, changing their name, or marrying into a Smith family, this no longer rings true. Still, the meaning remains fascinating to those who hold this long-existing name.

History and uses ‒ one of the world’s most common names with much historical significance

Many Irish people emigrated to America.

The surname is commonly used as a form of secret identity, with many using the most common combination of names, such as John Smith, to remain anonymous.

Similarly, many slaves brought to America were given this common last name by their masters at the time.

During colonisation, many natives took the name to deal with their colonists and make life easier. Meanwhile, many German Americans anglicised the German-surname Schmidt to Smith, not only during war times but also during times of peace.

The same goes for the Polish last name Kowalski, which in English means Smith. Hence, with waves of emigration, many people decided to change their names to an ‘easier’ version, which is why we see so many people with this family name.

Popularity and alternative spellings – the various forms of the name

Smith is the original spelling. However, changes and adaptions were made over the years, just like any other name. This is why you will find people with this last name worldwide, but some are spelt slightly different.

Smith has adopted a variety of alternative spellings, such as Smyth and Smythe. Still, you may also find many people who hold the surnames Blacksmith, Goldsmith, Silversmith, Coppersmith, and the list goes on.

Like many other surnames, it has become a popular first name, too, for those who want something a little unique and different as a baby name. The same goes for surnames such as Reilly (Riley), Kelly, and Brennan.

Smith as a surname remains ever so popular, with the majority of bearers being from the United States. Secondly, England, followed by Canada, Scotland, South Africa, and Jamaica.

In Ireland, it remains the fifth most popular surname. So, we’re sure it is not a name that will die out anytime soon here. The Irish version of Smith is Gabhann, which can be commonly heard around the country, too.

Famous people with the last name Smith ‒ people you may know of

Will Smith is a famous US actor.
Credit: Flickr / Walmart

Many of us will know a person with this family name, but many celebrities bear this ancient name, too.

Let’s see how many you will recognise:

  • Will Smith: The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air star, and his family, Jada, Jaden, and Willow.
  • Dame Maggie Smith: A world-renowned English actress.
  • Sam Smith: A global singer/songwriter from England.
  • James Smith: James Smith is an American former professional boxer.
  • Anna Nicole Smith: An American model, actress, and TV personality.
  • Harry Smith: Harry Smith is an American TV journalist for NBC News.
  • Patti Smith: An American singer, songwriter, poet, and author.
  • Jaclyn Smith: An American actress known for her role in the TV series Charlie’s Angels.

Notable mentions

George Smith was a pioneering English Assyriologist.
  • Charles Smith: A pioneer of Irish topography in the 18th century.
  • Constance Smith: An Irish actress who was well-known in the 1950s.
  • George Smith: George Smith was a pioneering English Assyriologist from the 19th century.

FAQs about the Irish surname Smith

What is Smith in Irish?

Smith in Irish is Gabhann.

What is the oldest Irish surname?

O’Brien is said to be one of the oldest Irish surnames dating back to the 12th-century.

Learn more about this surname with our article on its origins and popularity.

Why was the O dropped from Irish names?

The O and Mac were dropped from traditional Irish names as a way to anglicise them, specifically if a family were moving away from Irish culture to the English-speaking world back in the day.

As one of the most commonly heard names on the planet, with variations in Afrikaans, Danish, Dutch, German, and Yiddish, to name but a few, it was inevitable that this surname had a lot of history and heritage behind it.

Names such as this, which carry so much meaning, prove to be the most interesting. This is particularly true among those who can be honoured to bear this traditional family name.

So, with this overview of the meaning, origin, and popularity of the name Smith, hopefully, you have gained a better insight into this strong historic last name.

Find Your Dream Hotel in Ireland

On the hunt for the ultimate hotel for your Irish adventure? Explore a curated selection ranging from the charming heritage of boutique accommodations in Dublin's vibrant heart to the tranquil luxury of rural retreats and the captivating coastal vistas. Start your search below to find the perfect stay with our trusted hotel partner.

Get featured on Ireland Before You Die

Do you want to get your Irish business more online exposure? Especially to those interested in travelling the best places in Ireland? Then why not get a dedicated feature on Ireland Before You Die. Find out more here.

Related Posts


Ireland Before You Die is supported by its audience. When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Learn more

Send this to a friend